lundi 9 octobre 2017

Trying to Get a Carbon Related Question Answered


In 100 years, a carbon level in any sample except atmosphere goes down from 100 % modern carbon to 98.798.

100 - 98.798 = 1.202 %.

In the atmosphere, it does not go down, because 1.202 % of the modern carbon is added every 100 years.*

If instead for some period 2.404 % or 3.606 % of the modern carbon level were added in hundred years ...

  • would the cosmic radiation reaching the ground, as that above, be 2 or 3 times the normal one of 0.39 milliSievert per year?
  • would it instead be 4 or 9 times the normal one?
  • or would a square root suffice, would we deal with 1.414 * 0.39 or 1.732 * 0.39 milliSievert per year?**
  • or would the total background radiation at ground level be importantly contributing to the new carbon 14?


In cases one or three, I have tackled the challenge I was given at Nanterre University Campus grounds about 2 years ago.

The most drastic carbon rise I am at all dealing with as even a theoretical possibility would have been giving us new carbon 29.9 times faster than now. 2.133 milliSievert per year (below normal total background radiation in the case of square root) or 11.661 milliSievert per year (above the highest total background radiation, in the case of direct relation).

If on the other hand the cosmic radiation is adding little beyond half if even that of total new carbon, or if it is adding new carbon in relation to its square root, so that the radiation is squared by the factors of how much quicker carbon is forming, we would have been fried. 29.92 = 894.01 times. That would give 348.6639 milliSievert per year, 35 times the highest total background radiations we have now.

20 milliSievert per year is considered a threshold dose in nuclear security. In Japan, after Fukushima.

However, I have so far been presuming that the relation between radioactive dose and rapidity of carbon 14 production is a one to one, that the total background radiation at ground is only negligibly contributing to it, which would mean that most possible and all necessary*** carbon productions I have been dealing with are clearly inferior to this safety limit.

For instance, identifying Joseph with Imhotep (in the time of Djoser) will, in St Jerome's chronology, give us a carbon 14 level in atmosphere of 87.636 pmc : 2800 = 1709 BC. Identifying Kenyon's 1550 BC date for Jericho with the Biblical date acc. to St Jerome's chronology, 1470 BC, will give a carbon level of 99.037 pmc. This means that in 1709 to 1470, in 239 years, carbon has to rise 11.401 pmc units, while a dead stop of new carbon would have been giving us 97.15 % * 87.636 pmc, a level of 85.138374 pmc. So, in 239 years, total production of new carbon would have been 13.898626 pmc units. °

In 239 years, the normal decay and compensation in atmosphere is 100 - 97.15 = 2.85 pmc units. We are therefore dealing with a production 4.877 times as fast as normal. And the cosmic radiation dose would be 1.902 milliSievert instead of 0.39 milliSievert.

"French regulations set at 1 mSv (milliSievert) per year maximum permissible effective dose resulting from human activities outside the natural radioactivity and doses of medicine."


But cosmic radiation is not resulting from human activity. However, back then, there were no doses of medicinal radioactivity either.

And until I get a good reference or a clear proof this is not the 1:1 ratio I have so far been imagining, that it is for instance squared radiation dose for each factor of rapidity of carbon production, I will persist in believing I have shown the viability of the carbon rise model.

Hans Georg Lundahl
Nanterre UL
St Denis bishop of Paris
and companions, martyrs
9.X.2017

PS, actually trying to get answers to the question beyond my confidence it is 1:1, 2:2 and not 1:1, 2:4 from resulting C14 production to causing cosmic radiation. I sent one the day after, giving him to tomorrow, then going on./HGL (16.X)

* 100 - 97.61 = 2.39 % each 200 years.

** 0.55146 and 0.67548 milliSievert.

*** necessary for getting Carbon 14 from c. 1.45 pmc (percent modern carbon) at a Flood 2957 BC to 100 pmc at 500 BC or earlier.

° See Creation vs. Evolution : Comparing Three Roads from Seven Cows to Seven Trumpets
http://creavsevolu.blogspot.com/2017/06/comparing-three-roads-from-seven-cows.html


Update(s) on check effort:

A Pre-Flood Sea? Or More Than One?


Noting for several aquatic animals locations, and for any location any non-aquatic animals:

Cetotherium rathkii
Taman peninsula, Russia

Cetotherium priscum
Kertsch, Ukraine. Austria (Szentmargita, Leitha Limestone Formation, Langhian); Moldova (Chisinau, Serravalian); Romania (Madulari, Serravalian); Russia (Kutsay Mountain, Serravallian); Turkey (Kurtchu-Tchekmedje, Up. Miocene).

Cetotherium pusillum
Chisinau, Moldova

Cetotherium ambiguum
Nussdorf, Austria

Nussdorf also has:
Praepusa Vindobonensis, a seal

Cetotherium klinderi
Mykolayiv, Ukraine

Cetotherium maicopicum
River Belaia, Russia

Cetotherium mayeri
Russia (River Belaia, Derbent, Kuban) and Georgia

Titanocetus sammarinensis
near the top of Mount Titano, Republic of San Marino, northern Appennines, Italy

Cetotheriopsis lintianus
Near Linz, Austria

Micromysticetus tobieni
Lank Latum, Germany

Ichthyosaurus communis
(3) Belgian Lorraine (Belgium) (4)Canton Aargau Switzerland

Brachypterygius extremus
Volga region, Saratov region

Saratov also has:
Hesperornis rossicus Nessov & Yarkov, 1993 (Rybushka Fm, Up. Cret. [Camp.] Volgograd & Saratov, Russia & Sweden)

Volgograd also has:
Cerebavis cenomanica Kurochkin & Saveliev, 2006 (Melovatka Fm, Up. Cret. [Cenom.] Volgograd, Russia)

Oligolactoria bubiki
Bystrice/Olsi, Moravia

Acamptonectes densus
Cremlingen area, Lower Saxony, Germany

Lower Saxony
also has:

Haptodus baylei
Niederhäslich, Saxony, Germany

Europasaurus holgeri
Lower Saxony basin, Oker near Goslar

Dorygnathus banthensis
Flechtorf (Lower Saxony)

Stensioella heintzi
Hunsrück slates of Germany


Many thanks to Palaeocritti team!/HGL

An Evolutionist Blooper Revisited


I recently had the opportunity to hear someone say more recent things are in higher layers and older things in lower layers. As to geographical elevation over the sea, we can check with Palaeocritti:



So, Oligocene from Bistritz and Carboniferous from Nürschan are the lowest. The Pterosaurs "more recent than" the Diplovertebron punctatum and "older than" Oligolactoria bubiki are higher up in the geography than both.

You also get whales, a seal and an ichthyosaur in this region, probably because there was a pre-Flood sea here, Vienna and Nussdorf close to the shore.

Either way, the older things are also not deeper down in the ground whereever you look, rather what we find is what is close to the surface.

Hans Georg Lundahl
Nanterre UL
St Dionysius bishop of Paris
with Companions, martyrs
9.X.2017

mardi 3 octobre 2017

CMI Strays into Protestant Hagiography Today (part 1 of series)


It is funny that Russell Grigg takes an eminent occasion of Catholic hagiography - the Story of a Soul, by St Thérèse of the Child Jesus - to laud with partiality and dishonesty against Catholicism, the greatest "saint" of Protestants. And Orthodox are not giving even the three "defenders of Orthodoxy" (Photius, Palamas and Mark of Ephesus) a comparable prominence, though they serve a similar purpose.

I might link later, but this is just a one shot against one aspect. Luther is quoted as saying:

Luther also wrote an essay against monastic vows: that they were not instituted by Christ and had no scriptural basis, so were futile in attaining justification or assurance of salvation. They sanctified the monastic order instead of sanctifying God, and they portrayed Him as a severe taskmaster rather than as a loving father.


You know, St Therese and St Bridge of Sweden had a very different opinion on that one. If most monks and nuns remain faithful, and if you really want to know how monastic vows work out in practise, it might be an idea to go to those faithful to their vows, not to those rare ones who broke them, like Luther. Oh, he was absolved from vow of obedience, but not those of poverty and chastity.

Why doesn't he quote other writings by Luther in which he admits having faked translation at Luke 1:28 and Romans 3:28?

Here is Luther's Sendbrief vom Dolmetschen :

Mgr. Radim Sochorek : Martin Luther: Sendbrief vom Dolmetschen
http://www.sochorek.cz/archiv/werke/luther.htm


Here is St Therese' L'Histoire d'une âme:

" HISTOIRE PRINTANIERE D'UNE PETITE FLEUR BLANCHE "
( D'après les manuscrits originaux ) Janvier 1895
http://livres-mystiques.com/partieTEXTES/Lisieux/Histoire/table.html


("Histoire d'une Ame", La Vocation de l'Amour, La miséricorde, l'ascenseur Divin.)

It should be added, just because I am defending monastic vows doesn't mean I made any myself. This means, if any Protestant imagines to be helping me toward marriage by prompting me to "return to Protestantism" as to a home, as to a place of kindness, this is wrong, and attempts to delay my marriage as a Catholic, i e up to any return to Protestantism, are simply and up to now, part of what I presume has been delaying my marriage, has been costing me girl after girl I had hoped to marry, for so many years, and I am already 49.

I might have more to add later against this straying off the usual fare on an otherwise good creationist site, and will, if so, link to Russell there.

For now, I wish a happy feast of St Thérèse!

Hans Georg Lundahl
Nanterre UL
St Therese, as mentioned
3.X.2017

Is now continued on Great Bishop of Geneva! : What Luther Got Wrong More (pt 2 of series)

jeudi 28 septembre 2017

Was Josephus Divided over Post-Flood Patriarchs?


Citing two passages of Josephus' Antiquities, Book I:

3:4. For indeed Seth was born when Adam was in his two hundred and thirtieth year, who lived :nine hundred and thirty years. Seth begat Enos in his two hundred and fifth year; who, when he had lived nine hundred and twelve years, delivered the government to Cainan his son, whom he had in his hundred and ninetieth year. He lived nine hundred and five years. Cainan, when he had lived nine hundred and ten years, had his son Malaleel, who was born in his hundred and seventieth year. This Malaleel, having lived eight hundred and ninety-five years, died, leaving his son Jared, whom he begat when he was in his hundred and sixty-fifth year. He lived nine hundred and sixty-two years; and then his son Enoch succeeded him, who was born when his father was one hundred and sixty-two years old. Now he, when he had lived three hundred and sixty-five years, departed and went to God; whence it is that they have not written down his death. Now Mathusela, the son of Enoch, who was born to him when he was one hundred and sixty-five years old, had Lamech for his son when he was one hundred and eighty-seven years of age; to whom he delivered the government, when he had retained it nine hundred and sixty-nine years. Now Lamech, when he had governed seven hundred and seventy-seven years, appointed Noah, his son, to be ruler of the people, who was born to Lamech when he was one hundred and eighty-two years old, and retained the government nine hundred and fifty years. These years collected together make up the sum before set down. But let no one inquire into the deaths of these men; for they extended their lives along together with their children and grandchildren; but let him have regard to their births only.

6:5. I will now treat of the Hebrews. The son of Phaleg, whose father Was Heber, was Ragau; whose son was Serug, to whom was born Nahor; his son was Terah, who was the father of Abraham, who accordingly was the tenth from Noah, and was born in the two hundred and ninety-second year after the deluge; for Terah begat Abram in his seventieth year. Nahor begat Haran when he was one hundred and twenty years old; Nahor was born to Serug in his hundred and thirty-second year; Ragau had Serug at one hundred and thirty; at the same age also Phaleg had Ragau; Heber begat Phaleg in his hundred and thirty-fourth year; he himself being begotten by Sala when he was a hundred and thirty years old, whom Arphaxad had for his son at the hundred and thirty-fifth year of his age. Arphaxad was the son of Shem, and born twelve years after the deluge. Now Abram had two brethren, Nahor and Haran: of these Haran left a son, Lot; as also Sarai and Milcha his daughters; and died among the Chaldeans, in a city of the Chaldeans, called Ur; and his monument is shown to this day. These married their nieces. Nabor married Milcha, and Abram married Sarai. Now Terah hating Chaldea, on account of his mourning for Ilaran, they all removed to Haran of Mesopotamia, where Terah died, and was buried, when he had lived to be two hundred and five years old; for the life of man was already, by degrees, diminished, and became shorter than before, till the birth of Moses; after whom the term of human life was one hundred and twenty years, God determining it to the length that Moses happened to live. Now Nahor had eight sons by Milcha; Uz and Buz, Kemuel, Chesed, Azau, Pheldas, Jadelph, and Bethuel. These were all the genuine sons of Nahor; for Teba, and Gaam, and Tachas, and Maaca, were born of Reuma his concubine: but Bethuel had a daughter, Rebecca, and a son, Laban.


when Adam was in his two hundred and thirtieth year,  230
Seth begat Enos in his two hundred and fifth year;  205, 435
whom he had in his hundred and ninetieth year.  190, 625
Malaleel, who was born in his hundred and seventieth year.  170, 795
Jared, whom he begat when he was in his hundred and sixty-fifth year.  165, 960
Enoch succeeded him, who was born when his father was one hundred and sixty-two years old.  162, 1122
the son of Enoch, who was born to him when he was one hundred and sixty-five years old,  165, 1287
had Lamech for his son when he was one hundred and eighty-seven years of age;  187, 1474
Noah, was born to Lamech when he was one hundred and eighty-two years old,  182, 1656 (!)


1656 Birth of Noah after Creation
0600 Age of Noah at Flood
2256 Flood after Creation

Abraham, who accordingly was the tenth from Noah, and was born in the two hundred and ninety-second year after the deluge;


2256
0292 Abraham after Flood
2548 Abraham after Creation

for Terah begat Abram in his seventieth year.  70
Nahor begat Haran when he was one hundred and twenty years old;  120, 190
Nahor was born to Serug in his hundred and thirty-second year;  132, 322
Ragau had Serug at one hundred and thirty;  130, 452
at the same age also Phaleg had Ragau;  130, 582
Heber begat Phaleg in his hundred and thirty-fourth year;  134, 716
he himself being begotten by Sala when he was a hundred and thirty years old,  130, 846
whom Arphaxad had for his son at the hundred and thirty-fifth year of his age.  135, 981
Arphaxad was the son of Shem, and born twelve years after the deluge.  12, 993


2256
0993 Abraham after Flood
3249 Abraham after Creation

So, the two informations, summary and detailed, given about Abraham's birth after Flood contradict each other like Masoretic on the summary and LXX on the detailed.

3249
2548
0701

There is a difference of 701 years between the two informations. Note that a summary one is not found in the Bible text, either for Flood or for Abraham after Flood, but the detailed one is found in the Bible text : this means that when Josephus as a very young Jew was learning Genesis by heart, he was learning LXX chronology.

And, since he is giving a summary in conflict with this, it seems he had been told this new sum of overlapping lifespans from the Synagogue, which sometimes was in conflict with him.

Anno Mundi for Exodus, Birth of Abraham, and Anno Diluvii for Birth of Abraham in St Jerome's chronology:

5199 5199 2957
1470 2015 2015
3729 3184 0942

So, the 942 years from Flood to Abraham in St Jerome's chronology (which Roman Catholics use at Christmas, if of Latin rite and not in misplaced obedience to a pseudo-Papal measure from 1994 using a newer and imprecise one), are fairly close to Josephus' detailed, but not at all to his summary chronology from Flood to Abraham's birth.

When in Contra Apionem he says that from Creation to Moses there were just a little less than 3000 years, he is of course using the summary chronology he seems to have learned as an adult.

It is a bit funny that I skim through Book I and don't find Melchisedec in it.

Hans Georg Lundahl
Nanterre UL
St Wenceslas, Duke and Martyr
28.IX.2017

lundi 18 septembre 2017

Pat Robertson Called Dinos 65 Million Years Old Because of Carbon Dating?


Here is one still from a video clip with automatic subtitles:



Here is the video, listen if the subs were wrong:

Pat Robertson: Dumb to Believe in Young Earth Creationism
David Pakman Show | Ajoutée le/ added 15 mai 2014
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-F8vPFRCoT8


Shall we take another still, from Young Turks?



Pat Robertson v Ken Ham: EPIC THROWDOWN over Earth's Age
The Young Turks | Ajoutée le / added 19 mai 2014
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-OWIdrSow78


Well, it seems - I think two subtitles both showing he connects radio carbon to 65 million years are a bit odd, if he said something else - he does connect a figure like 65 million years to a dating method like carbon dating.

Too bad.

No carbon dating actual scientific user would do that. Guess why? 60 000 years is less than 1000 times shorter time:



Let's take ten times what we said, less than a 100dth of 65 million years:



Carbon 14 Dating Calculator
[same site, both images]
https://www.math.upenn.edu/~deturck/m170/c14/carbdate.html


In other words, how do you distinguish zero percent carbon 14 of the modern atmospheric level as in 600 000 years from equally zero percent as in 65 000 000 years? You can't.

So, Pat Robertson, while having a business bargain involved in petrol, involved in "rotting dinosaurs", may be well founded on the stock market of petrol, but has no clue as to the carbon dating of either petrol, dinosaur bones or other things, as far as we can gather from this clip. Perhaps he has improved since then, perhaps he hasn't.

But supposing he has improved, he at least used to share an attitude which very many still share today : a very huge confidence (or inversely suspicion) about carbon dates, without no real clue as to its conditions.

Now, suppose a thing, bone, tooth, piece of wood, sample, piece of charcoal, is carbon dated to 60 000 years ago. That means the carbon 14 in relation to carbon 12 is 0.07 % of what the carbon 14 in relation to carbon 12 is in today's atmosphere or a recent sample. It is the carbon 14 which machines can detect directly. The years are a conventional and programmed translation of it.

That leaves open the question how many of these years are real years of decaying carbon 14 content in sample, and how many of them are due to lower original carbon 14 content in atmosphere, before it rose to present level. Conventional dating says "zero" to the latter and therefore "all 60 000 years" to the former. And decaying level in sample for 60 000 years is a decay which normally takes 60 000 years to go through.

However, if the Flood is carbon dated to 40 000 years ago (0.792 % of the present carbon level left in samples from Flood), and the Flood was 2957 BC, 4974 years ago (we have 54.788 % of original content), this means the level at Flood would have been ...

0.00792 / 0.54788 = 0.014456

... 1.4456 % of present level. And if carbon 14 content rose from zero to 1.4456 % of present level before the Flood, well, for one it was rising slower, even forming of new carbon was slower than now, at least in relation to carbon 12 content of atmosphere, and for another, we can find a level from which the decay counted in actual years (somewhere between 4974 and 7216 - from which we would have 41.774 % left of any sample, if the isotope existed then) would leave us with the above mentioned 0.07 % of the present level. Let's try it.

0.0007 / 0.41774 = 0.0016757
0.0007 / 0.54788 = 0.0012777

So, between zero and 1.4456 %, the level is somewhere corresponding to between 0.12777 and 0.16757 %. That is, one tenth up. I don't think it means sth dated 60 000 BP is from year of Creation 224, but I'd rather think of a curve creeping near bottom for some time before it starts to rise.

If we instead assume the Flood was 5383 and the Creation 7526 years ago, you need to make minor adjustments to previous, but not to outright ditch the whole setup. And, in reverse direction, for the minor adjustments, if you take Flood 4365 years ago and Creation 6021 years ago.

So, the dinosaurs then have zero carbon 14, which means they were fossilised at creation, right? No. They do get carbon dates within the carbon range.

Some time ago, not sure up to exactly when, the carbon range was back to "40 000 BP", but we have dinos dated to younger than that, right Mr Armitage, 28 000 BP or sth?

And others outside the older but inside the younger limit like a Triceratops dated to 41 010 BP:

More recently, Brian Thomas and Vance Nelson carbon dated a number of dinosaur fossils including two specimens from Triceratops horridus.3 The two specimens gave a date in years of 33,570±20 and 41,010±220.4


And notes:

3)Thomas, B. and Nelson, V., Radiocarbon in Dinosaur and Other Fossils, CRSQ 51:299–311, ‎‎2015‎. Return to text.
4)A sample purporting to be from the Flood era would not be expected to give a ‘radiocarbon age’ of about 5,000 years, but rather 20,000–50,000 years. Indeed, that is consistently what one obtains from specimens of oil, gas and fossil wood from layers allegedly ‘millions of years’ old. The reason is: radiocarbon dating assumes that the current 14C/12C ratio of about 1 in a trillion (after adjusting for the Industrial Revolution) was the starting ratio for the objects dated. But this ratio would have been much smaller before the Flood due to the fact that the earth had a much stronger magnetic field. Because pre-and para-Flood objects would have started with a much lower initial 14C/12C ratio, the measured amount today would also be smaller, and be (mis-)interpreted as much older. See What about carbon dating? Chapter 4, The Creation Answers Book. Return to text.


And source:

Triceratops soft tissue
Feedback archive → Feedback 2016
Published: 19 November 2016 (GMT+10)
https://creation.com/triceratops-soft-tissue


You noted from pictures from Carbon 14 Dating Calculator that the present level of reliable detection is between 55 000 and 60 000 years? Good, this means you should realise even the higher value of Triceratops date is within detactable, and not just because zero carbon 14 used to be read "at least 40 000 years old" as back in those days.

I just hope Pat Robertson is not involved in some Transatlantic scheme to teach me a lesson or two while I am in France. He might have rather some lessons to learn from me, unless he's too old for that or already got it from someone else.

Hans Georg Lundahl
Nanterre UL
St Joseph of Cupertino
18.IX.2017

PS, isn't he also claiming Ussher was both "Middle Ages" and "1800's"?

James Ussher (or Usher; 4 January 1581 – 21 March 1656)


Quoted from wikipedia. As following:

In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages or Medieval Period lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.


Do I need a reference for 1581-1656 not being in 1800's?/HGL

vendredi 15 septembre 2017

Short Reply to CMI (?) - Sorry, it's a Long One! - On Babel and After


  • 1) You are perfectly right human language is too complex for evolving from ape "language".

    However, the correct way of putting this is that every "statement" of an ape, is a unitary signal. This limits the number of signals to the avilable number of sounds, strength of voice also taken into account, and gestures.

    In human language, a statement is composed of or articulated into one or often MORE parts, known as words or morphemes, each bearing a meaning with a logical relation to the meaning of the statment as a whole, and these in turn are articulated into further smaller units, NOT bearing logical relation to the meaning of the morpheme or word as a whole. These even smaller units are called phonemes, and are in spoken language known either as "language sounds" or "letters" and in written language (with alphabetic writing), known as "letters" (sometimes graphemes are distinguished from phonemes).

    Both of these articulation which magnify the number of possible statements even while reducing the number of unitary signals a speaker must master, into infinity, are lacking from ape "language".

  • 2) Original complexity and degeneration is however NOT a linguistically documented fact.

    I am quoting you:

    Hence both Juola and Bane define complexity according to those aspects which can be quantified and analyzed mathematically; but without wishing to belittle these studies the question still needs to be asked, “Can language—and its complexity—be reduced to mathematics in this way?” Furthermore, these studies deal with contemporary languages on the plane of the present: no attempt is made to explicate any sort of historical trend to simplification.

    Yet, even with their approach and criteria, it is significant that in Bane’s study, where he selects twenty languages for comparison, the most ancient language of his group, viz. Latin, comes out as the most complex, while Bislama—one of his ‘Creole’ group, appears near the bottom of his list as a very simple language, as indeed it is.


    I am sorry, but this is not what Bane said. I looked up your reference, and it said something else:

    Bane, M., Quantifying and Measuring Morphological Complexity; in: Chang, C.B. and Haynie, H.J. (Eds.), Proceedings of the 26th West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics, Somerville, pp. 69–76, 2008.


    Did you catch the nuance? He said nothing about complexity of a language as a whole. He said something about complexity in a specified area : morphological complexity.

    Now, the thing is, morphological complexity is usually at inverse ratio with syntactic one. It is not simplifying relation of morphemes, but reshuffling it.

    English indeed had, morphologically, four cases for nouns, five for adjectives and pronouns in the time of King Alfred, and now has general case for all nouns, s-genitive for nouns denoting persons, genitive or related adjective plus nominative vs oblique case for pronouns, no case forms at all for adjectives.

    This is a reduction.

    But on the other hand, in the time of King Alfred, English had basically two tenses, past and present. You don't find many futures, you don't find many pluperfects or perfects, these come once in a while, perhaps (though I don't recall getting them explained in Sweet's Anglo-Saxon Primer), but future meaning is mainly represented by present form, pluperfect or perfect by past form.

    Now English has sixteen tenses. Past and present remain the simple forms, but you have three more parameters expressed in quasimorphological, phraseological ways:

    • continuous vs simple ("where are you going" would have been equivalent of "where goest thou" in KA's time)
    • perfect vs non-perfect ("I have [already] eaten" would have been "I ate already", precisely as "I ate" would have been "I ate")
    • future vs non-future ("I will go there" would have been "I go there", "I would go there" would have been - older sense - "I went theretoward" or "I willed to go there" - or - younger sense - replaced by present or past subjunctive).


    This means that the focus of morphological complexity has changed, and one can consider "analytical forms" (extra words) as "less complex" (needing fewer forms to learn separately) in morphology than "synthetic forms". But the complexity of meaning remains roughly the same.

    Also, vaunting morphological complexity as a a superiority is placing Sanskrit higher than Hebrew, since Sanskrit has higher both verbal and nominal complexity in morphology, Hebrew replacing it with stricter rules of syntax.

    But the original language was arguably Hebrew, therefore, your point of view is derogatory to the sacredness of Hebrew.

    Also, some racialists have pretended that Creoles are a sign of mental inferiority of black men, while the morphological complexity of Creoles arguably comes from them learning Portuguese, English or Dutch by replacing words in their own original West African languages, which, precisely like Chinese (hardly a simple language!) is putting the complexity burden on syntax rather than on morphology.

    If you take a sentence in English and a sentence in a Creole, and analyse the morphemes, they will be of similar or same number, probably not as often marking plural if understood, but in the Creole all of them will be separated by spaces, in English some will be joined into words of more than one morphem.

    And since Latin is a language you pretend to respect here (rightly so), though not over Hebrew (rightly so, once again), I can tell you my Latin professor Birger Bergh thought exactly the same things. Languages are as complex as the speakers need in vocabulary, and they are as potentially complex in logical relations, the difference being how many complexities have to be expressed, not how many can.

    When we say Sumerian is complex that is not a subjective judgment as to whether it is difficult (or easy) for person X to learn, but is so in its structure, its inflections and categories.


    An inflectional category is : how much complexity of meaning you are forced to show, not how much you can show.

    Finnish can, but need not, express whether a single person referred to is masculine or feminine, the pronoun being for both "hän" : this identic pronoun has nothing to do with gender theory, Finns are much more machist than Swedes, precisely as Russians are more machist than English (thugh Russian makes the difference in pronoun choice).

    We can see this, for example, in the Sumerian noun with its ten cases (!)


    Well, Finnish only has fifteen, what a reduction ! Assuming they are related, which perhaps they are. (Oh, that would be an increase!)

    but also class (personal and non-personal)


    Finnish too makes a distinction between "hän" and whatever they use for "it" - precisely as English, unlike French and Hebrew, does not replace "it" with either "he" or "she". Bantu languages lack gender and have a more intricate class system - right now - than either Finnish or Sumerian.

    One could indeed go on citing examples of ancient languages as to their complexity, their subtle nuances, their economy of words to express, at times, quite extensive sentences, and in turn the gradual loss of some of these nuances over the passage of time, but the point should nevertheless be clear. What can be stated emphatically is that evolutionary theory is at a loss to explain this phenomenon of original complexity and subsequent degeneration.


    Being lyrical about complexity of old languages (partly rightly, partly by misplaced apprehensions as a learner) does not justify claiming languages went downhill since then.

    The point of view comes from i a Grimm, who were not even Christians : have you read their text "supposing God had a language"? It is awful!

  • 3) Different phonemes coalesce, granted, but they compensate too.

    Latin had ten vowels, five long, five short. Plus perhaps also a schwa like vowel, which is variously spelled u or i in short internal syllables, between stem and ending : volumus and regimus need not have had different vowels before the m, it could have been voll-uh-mooss, rayg-uh-mooss, conventional different spelling (the spelling regumus exists). So, ten or eleven.

    These are reduced to seven detectable diverse vowels (detectable as bottlenecks for original Latin vowels), in most, not all, Romance languages, when long and short cease to make a difference, and then we have some explosions of new differences. Why is there an i in French pied, Spanish pié? Because Latin "pedem" had a short e. Makes an open e in proto-Romance, and that gives this diphthong, in a stressed syllable. Spanish perhaps has only seven sounds for stressed syllables (a, ie, e, i, ue, o, u), but French really explodes the variations.

    Also, when words originally distinct become homophones, one word tends to get replaced or modified. In what was becoming French, solum (soil, floor, ground) and solem (Sun) began to coalesce, and one word was modified, the French for Sun comes not from "solem" but from "soliculum", diminutive for "solem". Language change is not just thughtless evolution downhill, but also intelligent design uphill.

  • 4) language families :

    Greek and Latin belong to the Indo-European family; so too does Hittite, although the decipherment of the cuneiform script and its classification as Indo-European came as a shock to the system for Near Eastern scholars. Meanwhile, Linear B, since its decipherment by Michael Ventris, has been clearly recognized as an early form of Greek, a discovery which also upset the hitherto fond theories of scholars.


    Greek belongs to an identifiable person in table of nations : Iavan. Latin belongs to no one in particular in that list.

    Hittite seems to belong to a Canaanite, since the first born of Canaan was Heth. Actually, Hattic (Hattili in Hittite) may have been an earlier language of that stem, while Hittite (Nesili in Hittite) came from neighbouring descendants of Gomer ... except for one detail. It is related to Lydian, and the Lud in Anatolia was the Semitic Lud.

    And one scholar has pretended to identify Linear A as related to Indic and Iranian languages, to Vedic Sanskrit and to Avestic Old Persian. But since Crete was the land of Caphthorim, this places another Indo-European subfamily within ... yes : Ham.

    So, it is far safer to assume after Babel some 72 unrelated families exploded, and some of them started coalescing, like Assur and Chanaaen adopting languages related to the Hebrew of men like Abraham, or some may have had original affinities with Hebrew planted there by God, like Egyptian of Misraim was very similar in some very rough and general respects to Hebrew, like feminines in -t, like bi- or triliteral roots and so on.

    Ethiopians coming from Ham (from his son Kush) at least in part speak a language related to Hebrew, Gheez (and Amharic, which could be considered as "modern Gheez" or modern form of some sister language to Gheez). There was not ever a real linear simple decline for some of these languages, or even simple development, since they were in contact with each other.

    Your distinctions among ancient Near East families are, unlike your sharing the IE protolanguage craze, though somewhat discretely here, unobjectionable, as far as I can see.

    Making Etruscan descend from Thiraz is interesting : do you think Turkish and Hungarian also comes from him? Because, both genetics and linguistics are tying Etruscans to Hungarian and Asiatic origins, though some violently dispute this.

    See Alinei on this one (he dates proto-Indo-European to 10 000 BC or at least BP, which means he gives me a motive as Creationist to dispute original unity of this family).

    In regard to structure, the Etruscan noun has inflections for each of five cases; however, there is no gender distinction in common nouns, only with proper names.


    Sounds very Fenno-Ugric, except the five cases are comparatively few, closer to Turkish.

    Apart from the inevitable loan words from Greek, its vocabulary is sui generis, albeit some words passed into Latin as the latter took over as the language of the Italian Peninsula (figure 3).


    Except Alinei has shown this is wrong, many words become clearer and this in ways making short inscriptions intelligible (as opposed to totally garbled) if compared to Hungarian ones. What was the Etruscan version of Gyula again? Tried to check with Alinei, but this computer on Nanterre University Library does not allow me to open this pdf:

    www.continuitas.org/texts/alinei_etruscan.pdf

    I suspect it was Etruscan ZIL, ZILA, as given in this defense of Alinei (who has been attacked):

    http://tmajlath.byethost13.com/etruscan.html?i=1

    I applaud on the other hand this information:

    Finally in this survey of very ancient languages there are the Indus Valley texts. Widely regarded as indecipherable since their discovery in the early 20th century, Barry Fells attempted a decipherment in the 1970s following methods similar to those of Michael Ventris in his work on the Linear B script. His conclusion was that the script was alphabetic, with six vowels and 24 consonants, while the language, again complex in structure, was clearly Indo-European, in turn a direct ancestor of Sanskrit.


    If Barry Fells is correct, this means Caphthorim either were both on Crete and in Indus Valley (one could imagine commercial reasons, like for Chanaaenans to be in both Lebanon and Tunisia) or the Caphthorim on Crete were sharing a language with some other post-Flood tribe in Indus Valley (btw, Indus Valley is according to my recalibration of carbon 14 rather close after Babel), or, Hebrews knew one, but not both places where the Caphthorim went - assuming of course the French linguist who removed his site was right in supposing Linear A to be Aryan, in supposing he had identified Mitra-Varuna and Indra (Mount Ida, on Crete = Mount Indra, with Indra as Hindoo name for whoever Zeus was).

    The same could be said for the various other ancient languages of the Fertile Crescent: there is no evidence at all that any of the postulated ‘proto-languages’ ever existed. Bonfante does not venture to talk of a ‘proto-Etruscan’, but contents himself with the simple assertion that “the Etruscans were a pocket of non-Indoeuropean speakers in an area where everyone else spoke an Indoeuropean language”.55 The one possible exception to this scenario is the Indo- European family itself (biblically the Japhetic stream): there may have been an ancestor, a ‘proto-Indoeuropean’, for Luwian, Palaic, and Hittite, but even this is conjectural. In all, they are merely theoretical constructs, born ultimately of evolutionary assumptions.


    Indo-Europeans are neither purely Japhethic (see Anatolian Lud, in Shem's posterity in Genesis 10, see Caphthorim and - if Regma came to North India / Pakistan - also Regma for Hamite Indo-Europeans), nor the only Japhetics, since the Turks are very arguably Japhethic.

    Also, as language similarities go, Indo-European is by far the loosest language group I know of, perhaps rivalled by Ural-Altaic, and superseded only by the tenuous (not main sream, but required by Evolutionist logic) Nostratic and its rival Na Dene-Caucasian. Proto-Semitic is as unproblematic as Proto-Germanic : neither is documented, but both are probable on the ground of language similarities, if one did not have the problem with Proto-Semitic that one "descendent" of it, Hebrew, came before it.

    One could imagine Heber and his sons Peleg and Joctan were speaking Proto-Semitic, and that the tradition from early patriarchs, whether by word of mouth or by cuneiform tablets, changed pronunciation to either Aramaic or Hebrew, whichever of the two was the language of Abraham. Meanwhile, some people took over - as much and best they could - Proto-Semitic from them, because land of Chanaan was a bit narrow to have the language differences given from table of nations : instead of Jebusites and Moabites and Tyrians speaking widely divergent languages, we find historically and archaeologically attested Tyrians and Moabites spoke roughly same language as Biblical Hebrew, while Jebusites had no linguistic problems either communicating with Abraham (supposing as I do Melchisedec was a Jebusite, Masoretic and Jewish people will disagree) or getting conquered by King David.

    One could imagine that the real Proto-Semitic was either Biblical Hebrew or very close (Shalaam having neither become Shaloom, nor Salaam), and that the relationship with Proto-Semitic as reconstructed has been bungled : what sound changes to what is, excepting mergers, not totally clear. Supposing that IE family had an original unity, one can say Germanic emerged, on consonant side of phonemes, by Grimm and Verner sound changes, and Phrygian also independently had a Grimm like sound change : OR one can say Verner was the sound change leading to Germanic, while most non-Germanic versions (but not Phrygian!) come from an anti-Grimm sound change. There is no impossibility phonetically, when I discussed this with a linguist heavily prejudiced against Creationism, his main objection was it is not economic.

    Similarily, the sound changes "from Proto-Semitic to Hebrew" could, excepting the mergers (Verner involves a merger, and is therefore clinched) have gone, all or most of them, other way round.

    Ugaritic could fit either scenario : as a real Proto-Semitic very close to the Hebrew then spoken (and Hebrew Bibles, Masoretic, Samaritan or LXX identic fragments in Qumran have been phonetically updated to include sound changes since Moses presumably wrote sth close to Ugaritic), or Ugaritic can be derived from this movement of trying to learn Hebrew and partly failing.

    Obviously a Hebraist could imagine objections I don't even dream of, I have not studied Hebrew myself.

    This parallels my own earlier, and better founded, observations on Hittite, which seem not to have been totally lost on CMI:

    Hittite could well be seen as an ancestral Indo-European language.


    Especially if mergers deduced from Hittite spelling are really imprecisions in its spelling. But note, even then, Indo-European languages are very unequally in closeness to Hittite or indeed to any imagined or real language.

  • 5) Shinar:

    Whether an occurrence in an Egyptian text of šngr or a similar occurrence in an Amarna letter of Sa-an-ha-ar refer to the biblical Shin‘ar, i.e. Lower Babylonia, is disputed, the Hebrew is nevertheless clear, even if extra-biblical references are not. According to Genesis 11:2 the confusion of languages occurred in “the land of Shin‘ar”, also mentioned in Genesis 10:10 and 14:1. That this name refers to Lower Mesopotamia is undoubted: the association with other known cities of that region in Genesis 10:10, and the destination of Shin‘ar for the Jewish exiles in Daniel 1:2, make the identification certain.


    No, the word Shinar can equally be considered as all of Mesopotamie, including Assyria and beyond, which means Göbekli Tepe is not excluded. Also, confer the fact that geographic names can get restricted areas. "Australia" in early 19th C. used to refer not just to "Ulimaroa"* and Tasmania, but include Easter Island and New Zealand too - as is now referred to as Oceania. Louisiana of the Louisiana Purchase is a larger area than Louisiana as a State. The place names also are actually not quite as clinching as imagined. Are you aware there is a city called Ur near Göbekli Tepe? Urfa. Also known as Edessa. Has by orientals been credited with being Abraham's hometown, Ur of the Chaldees. Here a man considers it likelier as referring to Erech, Uruk, if I get him right:

    TheHoloGrid : The Builders of Gobekli Tepe, the Tower of Babel and the Saturn Myth Part I
    https://thehologrid.wordpress.com/2015/02/18/the-builders-of-gobekli-tepe-the-tower-of-babel-and-the-saturn-myth/


    I obviously disagree with datings like considering anything in Edessa as 13 500 years old. I do however note that if that statue has six fingers, it could be one of someone who "began to be a giant" (Nimrod comes to mind).

    And there is a Harran not far from Urfa.

    It is also close enough to ... "Including Neolithic sites such as, Çatalhöyük (7500 BC – 5700 BC) with evidence of bull worship."

    Hmm, 7500 BC = 1100 years after 8600 BC or end of Göbekli Tepe ...

    Let's do some redating ... on my Interim III recalibration, I am using the Syncellus chronology, not the one from Roman martyrology, but here goes:

    Reu
    2699 BC

    XVII 2698 BC
    53.577 pmc 7857 BC

    XVIII 2657 BC
    55.763 pmc 7486 BC

    Shelah +
    2633 BC

    Skipping
    some.

    Eber +
    2459 BC

    XXIII 2453 BC
    68.105 pmc 5629 BC


    With Babel / Göbekli Tepe ending [XV] 2780 BC in this scenario, Çatalhöyük begins rather close to:

    2780 BC
    2657 BC
    =123 years

    ... to 123 years after Babel. And Çatalhöyük lasts :

    "7486 BC" = 2657 BC
    "5629 BC" = 2453 BC
    = "1857 years" = 204 years.

    Well, that aside was a bit non-linguistic, but to return to Shinar, I have found it defined as = Mesopotamia rather than as = Sumer or lower Babylonia. so, yes, Göbekli Tepe could very well be Babel, and therefore the identity is a better hint on coupling Biblical and carbon years than Tas Walker's try at finding a Biblical year for Glacial Maximum by misreading evidence from Job (sorry, Tas, I respect your work in general, but I think your speciality gave you the wrong clue to look for). (On this one).


Hans Georg Lundahl
Nanterre UL
Our Lady of Sorrows
15.IX.2015

Reference to their article:

CMI : Languages of the post-Diluvian World
by Murray R. Adamthwaite, today
https://creation.com/how-did-languages-develop


Note:

* I am not sure if you will ever find Ulimaroa as name for the larger island in Commonwealth of Australia used in English literature, I found it in a Swedish geography book from when Texas was a free state, and Ashanti kingdoms were not yet French colonies, but engaged in slave hunt and human sacrifice.

jeudi 14 septembre 2017

Ubi Crux, et Corona (Genesis 1:28)


Creation vs. Evolution : Ubi Crux, et Corona (Genesis 1:28) · Assorted retorts from yahoo boards and elsewhere : Why Concerned if Non-Religious Rebel Against Genesis 1:28? (quora)

A Copt (who should have been a Chalcedonian, but wasn't, as far as we can tell), said "where there is a Cross, there is a Crown". An Eastern Rite Marriage ceremony onvolves a Crown for both bride and bridegroom, if virgins up to marriage. So, why not use the day of Exaltation of the Cross to say a word or two of the Nashville Statement.

Nearly all is good, I read the 14 articles of affirmation and denial.

There is a difference in dignity between the sexes, and the part about women having dolourous menses and dolourous childbirth is a fruit of the fall, not of original creation. This the statement missed.

It was also less explicit than I think Chaput was in adressing the possibility of homosexuals marrying, that is of someone or some two, of opposite sex, one or two of whom experience same sex attraction, can marry and have faithful and fertile marriages, as Catholics should.

The new guidelines also address Catholics "who experience same-sex attraction." Chaput says such parishioners can still live out a heterosexual marriage with children, despite that attraction. Others in same-sex relationships should avoid sexual intimacy.


In order to explain this last sentence in the paragraph to some Evangelical readers, living a sinful life means you are not living a Christian life, but does not mean you are not a Christian, it means you are a dead Christian. A divorced and remarried person in a heterosexual couple or two men in couple or two women in couple, all of these lead non-Christian lives. They do not loose membership of the Church, and some who live like heathens die like Christians : the words indicate one of the means of preparing for a late conversion and save one's soul. Obviously, living sinfully in private as well as in public is a thing to avoid, if you hope for a late conversion.

But the other sentence, I miss it in the statement of Nashville. Article 8 says about homosexuals getting saved "as they, like all Christians, walk in purity of life".

Now, this is glossing over what Chaput actually stated: normal marriage is not barred to them.

And, on another article, normal marriage is not a duty to every heterosexual Christian either. St Ignatius of Loyola spent part of his misspent youth doting over a lady beyond his reach, socially, meaning he was heterosexual, if not using it the right way. He became a monk. St Francis after starting the friars experienced a temptation to marry (infidelity to his promises or aspirations to God : on the occasion he made a snow lady and snow children and asked how he should provide for them), and St Thomas Aquinas had to chase out a base woman from the cell where his family tried to dissuade him from life as religious, so that she could not get time to tempt him (after which a prayer was granted and he was never more tempted against purity).

The affirmation of article 2 says "chastity outside of marriage and fidelity within marriage". As this is not God's will for just the married, but for "all people", this is wrong. IN that broad sense it should be "chastity outside of marriage OR fidelity within marriage", or even better "chastity outside of marriage OR fidelity AND FERTILITY within marriage". A man and a woman agreeing to use condoms in marriage commit a sin of sexual immorality one step less bad than two women or two men sharing a bed.

Genesis 1:28. Two men won't make one baby. Two women won't make one baby. Two persons of opposite sex but with a condom will only make one baby if the condom slips or bursts. But God's will for all marriages, except those were as a fruit of Adam's sin, perhaps previous personal sins, one partner is unfruitful without his present fault or her present fault, is to make one baby, two babies, more babies. When one first baby has grown to a teen one should still have also a toddler or a baby too, and some in between too. So, the will for God within marriage is not just fidelity, but fertility, even first.

So, all is not good, I can't sign it, but much is good. The article 2 has a denial which is precisely what Catholics were fighting Luther about, one of the items (Luther denied marriage was a sacrament and considered it a civil contract). Good for Nashville, considering they are Protestants.

Hans Georg Lundahl
Nanterre UL
Exaltation of the Cross
14.IX.2017

PS I was going to find the source of the quote on Charles' Chaput's diocesan site or archdiocesan site, but can't, so I link to where I quoted it - I had linked to a newslink, but which seems no longer on the newssite:

New blog on the kid : Philadelphia!
http://nov9blogg9.blogspot.com/2017/01/philadelphia.html


There are two reasons why I post the article here: it involves Genesis 1:28 - and I heard of the Nashville statement from CMI, today's article./HGL

mardi 5 septembre 2017

1:st sept 5509 BC?


Recall Sunday Letters?

Well, I was checking each chronology as per creation of man on Friday March 25th.

With Creation on Sept 1:st, we need to check if the sequence of Sunday letters are correct if Year of Creation is Sunday 1st of September and that in 5509 BC.

So, recall the verse?

Alla de dagar Gud böd eder gå, christeligen fram att dem fullborda?

September 1:st is an F, and this would make 5509 Sunday letter F. The non-extant first days of January 5509 BC would have been:

A Tuesday  E Saturday
B Wednesday  F Sunday
C Thursday  G Monday
D Friday


Why is this important? Well, this means we can translate "Sunday letter F" to "common year starting on Tuesday" and "Sunday letters GF" to "leap year starting on Monday".

This is the format of calendars on wikipedia. 1968 was a leap year starting on Monday. In Gregorian calendar, the periodicity is 400 years for the larger period. Short period mainly 28 (as always in Julian), while the centurial years with no leap years (three out of every four) involve a period of 12 when the years passing between centurial year and the relevant Sunday letter type year are less than 12, like 4 or 8 but 40 when equal to 12.

But as the periodicity of 40 is used only once for 400 years, as far as I could check, this will involve us in some trouble.

1968 AD  7477 AM  277 AM  221 AM
5509  4000  056  209 AM
7477 AM  3477 AM  221 AM  012 !
  2000  040
  1477 AM  181 AM  125 AM
  1200  056  109 AM
  0277 AM  125 AM ! 016 !


We cannot make 2016 a parallel, since 2000 was a leap year. So, how about 1916?

Let's check. It was a : "leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar". When was previous such?

"Century leap years are always leap years starting on Saturday and February 29 is always on Tuesday." - So, in 1900!

This would make AM 209, 109, 9 all leap years starting on Saturday.

Er, no. I misunderstood. Century leap years are those in the centuries divisible by 400 - since other centurial years are not leap years!

1900 AD was a common year starting on Monday, and previous leap year starting on Saturday was 1876 - 40 years before 1916.

So, perhaps it is best to simply see whether a leap year starting on Monday will occur as many years before 1968 as Creation year is before 277 AM? That is, 276 years earlier.

1968
0276
1692 leap year starting on Tuesday!

No, if 277 AM was a leap year starting on Monday 1 AM was NOT a leap year starting on Monday, but a leap year starting on Tuesday. For September 1:st to be a Sunday, we need AM 1 to be a (theoretical) leap year starting on Monday (unless it could be as theoretical an ordinary year starting on Tuesday).

I think the Byzantine chronology and understanding of what date the world was created on has a problem if Gregorian calendar is more exact than Julian one in astronomy. Or rather, if the Gregorian calendar is exact.

Back before Pope Gregory XIII, the Gregorian dates are just theoretical, BUT back before Julius Caesar, the Julian dates are just theoretical too. Roman calendar before Caesar was a chaos, basically like recent Hebrew or Attic calendars, but ill entertained, not neatly according to Cycle of Meton.

This means that Gregorian calendar projects back astronomically. Can Byzantines solve this problem, or can I solve it for them? Stay tuned!

Hans Georg Lundahl
Nanterre UL
St Lorenzo Giustiniani
5.IX.2017

PS, had to correct html for first table, excuses to those seeing first version!

samedi 19 août 2017

Defending the Faith and Finding More


That led to a chain reaction of sorts, with him presenting me with one meme or argument against religion after another, most of them very ignorant, some of them even plain silly. The only effect of all this was that I was actually feeling a bit more confident in believing again.


Breaking the shackles of evolutionary propaganda
by Nathan van Ree ; 7 August 2017 (GMT+10)
http://creation.com/breaking-the-shackles


I have been in similar situations twice before, and am in a probably similar one now.

When I went to boarding school, I was nearly Evangelical in some ways, very much more High Church in others. Young Earth Creationist - and not too anti-Catholic.

At the boarding school I had problems and got more and more problems getting girls. Not that it was a boys' school, far from it, but my tending to romantic love, hoping for a romance with engagement and marrying when possible after both get 18 (yes, back then I fell in love with girls same age, or no more than 5 years difference the one time the difference was biggest - not on school, my first girl friend, I bungled it), that was not quite the policy of a school with official policy no sex or romance and under hand policy "go ahead, but don't get caught" meaning they were presumably using condoms, perhaps abortions. So I was not getting girls.

Nor were most boys very congenial company. One Christian who later fell away, one who went through with Lutheran "confirmation" (Swedish Church can't provide that, since having neither episcopal nor sacerdotal orders) but very soon got disinterested in Christianity, and the rest of co-boarders in each of the two houses where I was were either:

  • harrassers;
  • on and off company, mostly indifferent;
  • company actively trying to bring me away from the faith, though friendly.


The harrassers were also attacking very much the faith, when not attacking my personality by calling me homosexual.

The on and off company was either very superficial, or, at times when a bit more interested also showing off some arguments against the faith. Notably against Young Earth Creationism.

This means I spent four years defending the faith as best as I could. At the end of the process, I was Catholic. OK, not yet received into Novus Ordo sect, but going for it. Or going for the Catholic Church and taking Novus Ordo sect for it.

The thing is, I was doing pretty well - and it was in the process of finding arguments (as well as in my passion for history, including Church history) that I discovered that the Catholic Church NOT being founded on a supposed apostasy or semi-apostasy or syncretisation in the time of Constantine, or even as I had more actually thought, getting slightly corrupted by power and needing a Reformation, but remaining the true faith very purely over time was the best explanation for God meeting His requirement as per Matthew 28 last verses or of God preserving the Bible in a Bible believing Church.

I was looking at the Orthodox Church too, perhaps at the time preferring Catholicism on somewhat too superficial grounds, which has if so been corrected by the time I return (much later) from Orthodoxy to Catholicism.

But while I was preparing to be received - and I was received by a priest who was certainly clearly Catholic in outlook, who had been ordained in older rite, who remembered it all and who accepted externals of the Novus Ordo, not the mentality, of obedience, so one can argue I was really received in the Catholic Church because of my and his intention, and because in 1988 there was no alternative Pope known to me - I was continuing arguing and doing very well.

I was taking time off, more and more, from Young Earth Creationism - after all, I had decided Catholics not believing the position were still Catholics, still perfectly Christians.

Things happened, I could not sort my life out in Catholics of the now mainstream type, I searched out a Traditional opposition, things happened there too, and instead of sorting up my life I got stranded away from them, in a village. There I did not do much for the faith, except pray and oppose abortion. And promote a return to younger marriage ages - by courting a girl who was 14-15. Things happened, and after I had been in mental hospital for two short spells, I defended myself against a policeman when he tried to put me there third time over - NB, not in "defense" of the girl, not on an occasion when I had been trying to see her, but months after the latest such event.

In prison, things happened. I think some of them were arranged, like being put together with one, two, then three or even four Muslims, and I ended up getting defended from them (after saying I believe the Quran is not the word of God, but of Satan) by people then transferring me to mental hospital. NB, the Muslims were threatening a while and it was one of them who alerted the guards, so their game may have been to arrange such a transfer. In that mental hospital, one of my remaining joys was reading. And I read most of Little House series, and I read a Swedish translation of City of God, by St Augustine of Hippo. When I came out, I was very clearly Young Earth Creationist.

I had a reason to start using internet less than a year after getting out, and I was of course defending Catholicism in a Traditional way and Young Earth Creationism. And same thing happened : as I defended the faith, I discovered a new thing about it. I was confronted with Distant Starlight Paradox, and within 24 hours I was Geocentric. I think this position is the best defense, the ones promoted by CMI are comparatively exotic. Less sensible than some of their other work.

And now I am living homeless (hoping to get sth published) defending the faith over internet, and am seeing certain efforts which once again seem to be concerted to bring me away from the faith. Not wishing good luck, though, not even ironically.

Hans Georg Lundahl
Bibl. Parmentier
St. John Eudes
19.VIII.2017

samedi 5 août 2017

Babylonian Captivity and Carbon Dating


I just saw news archaeologists have found the burning of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar's general, as mentioned in Jeremiah, and dated the burning to 2600 years ago.

2600 years ago is 583 BC, very close to the 586 BC for siege of Jerusalem at first exile.

This means that 2600 years ago, carbon content was c. 100 pmc in the atmosphere./HGL

H/T : Archaeologists Prove Bible Historically Accurate. Again.
on Creative Minority Report
http://www.creativeminorityreport.com/2017/08/archaeologists-prove-bible-historically.html

Ussher compared to St Jerome


How Fast was Carbon 14 Forming During Babel Event? · Ussher compared to St Jerome

For the timeline of Ussher, which is per se acceptable to Catholics - it is used in the 1859 Haydock comment and was promoted in France by Frémyot, with approval of the Church - though not as some wikipedians seem to have thought with dogmatic final such, since it is in conflict with that of St Jerome's Christmas proclamation (the traditional one, not the one of 1994), the series of events from Flood to Dispersion of Nations goes roughly like this:

2348 BC - Flood
2247 BC - birth of Peleg
2242 BC - beginning of Babel project
2202 BC - God ends it by confusion of tongues.

Can this timeline work with identifying Babel project with Göbekli Tepe?* We would have the extra years: 2242 BC dated as 9600 BC, 7358 extra years, and 8600 BC standing for 2002 BC, 6398 extra years.

The carbon content of atmosphere at 7358 extra years is roughly 40.92 pmc. 42.04 % for 7162.5 extra years, leaves 195.5. 97.86 % for 154.0625 extra years**, leaves 41.44 extra years, close enough to the 38.52 ones which are 1/128 of a halflife. The remainder is not worth bothering about.*** So I ùultiply 42.04 %, by 97.86 % by 99.45 %, I get 40.92 % as the % of modern carbon, as the pmc.

The rise in carbon to only 6398 extra years is parallele to previous. The difference is not worth bothering about.*** The key difference is whether Peleg was born in 101 or 401 after the Flood. ° That being 2247 BC after a Flood in 2348 BC vs 2556 BC ° after a Flood in 2957 BC, as the Christmas proclamation says.

I have calculated that a rise of "zero" (actually more, but the difference is not worth ... you know ***) to 40.92 pmc (skipping accounting for c. 2 pmc at Flood and its decay***) in 106 years (I used the multiplied percentages for years adding up to 116 years 1/64 + 1/128 of a halflife) is "40.92" pmc; this instead of the replacement expected in 116 years, the 1.62 pmc units which are the difference between normal recent objects and the 98.38 pmc you get in objects from 1901. And 40.92 compared to 1.62 in same time span is 25.2 times as fast. More, since the timespan is really ten years shorter.

I have also calculated the contrasting alternative decay depletion and typical replacement for 406 years, technically just for 385 years, it sinks to 94.73 pmc between 1632 and now (so if you want to carbon date the manuscript of the Galileo trial in 1633, you know what to look for). This means "the atmospheric sample" so to speak normally "needs" (and gets) a replacement of 5.27 pmc units in 385 years, somewhat more in 406 years - which I didn't bother to calculate.*** Divide 40.92 % by 5.27 % and you get 7.75 - a factor of multiplication less important than during the 40 years of building Babel.

So, for St Jerome, you get a cosmic ray impact of 3.02 milliSievert°° per year, lower than the average total background radiation today, for Ussher 9.83 milliSievert per year, closer to highest total background radiations (though not highest professional one).

Supposing that there had been a nuke War just before the Flood, the ground bound parts of background radiation would have been high too. In this scenarion the years between Flood and Babel would have exposed man to quite a few more milliSievert per year than anywhere on earth today - except at work.

That might be either seen as a reason to prefer St Jerome over Ussher - or to reject my Babel-Göbekli Tepe identification °°° - or go a far way to explain shortened lifespans and the fashion of wearing fur in stone age. At least outdoors or outcaves, even if people were buried inside caves with fur on.

Other thing about Ussher's timeline as opposed to St Jerome's, and if accepting my identification of Babel as Göbekli Tepe °°° : how many skeleta from Upper Palaeolithic are there? They would NOT involve Abraham's ancestors, since all of these survived past 106 and even146 post Deluvium. They would have been of people with lifespans fairly short for back then, a bit like in St Louis' time his maternal uncle who was hopping between crenelations and since he was royal no one stopped him, and he fell and broke his neck - at 13. Some were of course older than that, but Cro-Magnon 1, dated to "27 680 ans BP (± 270)" would have been born after Flood and have died before 106 after Flood. Very short lifespan for back then.

Of course, I am personally for the timeline of St Jerome as you know from pervious and elsewhere.

Hans Georg Lundahl
Bibl. Mouffetard, Paris
Dedication of Our Lady in Snow
5.VIII.2017

PS, one more thing. When you divide times of radioactive decay, the percentages of "needed" replacement increase, exponentially reversed or sth as per number of subdivisions. But the shorter the total time is, the less is this increase, and this seems unrelated to normal versus tripled or sevenfold or elevenfold or twentyfivefold increase. 40 years, as in previous, 116 or 385 years as in this one, this is fairly short in total compared to the 5730 of a whole halflife./HGL

PPS, if you didn't get it, it seems this does not affect the milliSivert count./HGL

Notes:

* No bricks found as yet, nor any architecture like a tower, which is why a three step rocket or failing attempt of such might have been what the tower was. However, 1/50 has been excavated, the part which resembles stonehenge twice over, or three times over, with surrounding buildings a bit like Çatal Höyük. ** I think that is less than 154 years and one month, let's not bother to check now, but that is exactly 1/32 of a halflife. *** At least not during "vacation", when I prewrite this in the countryside. I might be more meticulous when writing before a computer. ° 101 as per both Vulgate and King James, thus also Ussher, LXX gives 529 if you have a "second Cainan" and therefore 401 without him - it seems St Jerome was using a LXX manuscript without him or discounting him as spurious by comparing Samaritan and his own Hebrew Vorlage, ancestral to Masoretic. But I am guessing, since his Christmas proclamation mentions neither Babel nor Peleg. °° I think I may have misspelled the unit, I just realised Rolf Sievert was a Swede, not a "Rudolf Siewertz" from Germany. Elsewhere, previously. °°° Yes, I know about bricks and tower architecture, but do you find anything older looking like a city anywhere in Shinar plains? Ziggurat of Ur is way later, and its building lord is known as having spoken Sumerian and being third dynasty of an Ur separate from other peoples - two signs it is a man way after Babel.

lundi 31 juillet 2017

How Fast was Carbon 14 Forming During Babel Event?


How Fast was Carbon 14 Forming During Babel Event? · Ussher compared to St Jerome

On my view the traditional 40 years of the Babel event (starting 5 years after birth of Peleg, and ending in Dispersion of Nations 40 years after that) are the 1000 carbon years of Göbekli Tepe.

Suppose St Jerome's standard for post-Flood patriarchs is LXX without the second Cainan, then Peleg was born 401 years after the Flood, i e 2957 BC and 401 years later is 2556 BC. Babel / GT starts getting built 2551 BC, and 2511 Babel / GT is abandoned unfinished because communication problems make continued collaboration meaningless.

Then 2551 BC dates as 9600 BC, 7049 extra years = 42.626 pmc being original level of carbon in the objects at start of GT.

And 2511 BC dates as 8600 BC, 6089 extra years = 47.875 pmc being original level of carbon at end of GT. In the atmosphere and in the objects, of course.

And 40 years decays 100 to 99.517, and therefore replaces 0.483 pmc normally in our times.

If no new carbon had formed, 42.626 pmc would have sunk to 42.42011642 pmc, we'll say "42.42" for short. In order to maintain level, what needed forming was 0.483 pmc - would actually have landed us on 42.9 pmc, a slight rise, the kind of rise envisaged by the Creationists who say that stable level has not yet been reached.

What instead formed was ... 47.875 pmc - "42.42" pmc = "5.455" pmc.

And "5.455" pmc / 0.483 pmc = "11.29". So, carbon was forming 11 times faster then as compared to now.

This would mean that the annual radiation dose from cosmos on atmosphere would have been at ground level "11.29" times larger than the normal dose today, 0.39 milliSieverts per year, thus adding up to "4.4" milliSiverts per year - a little larger part of cosmic radiation than today the total background radiation on average on Earth, but smaller than background radiation in for instance Princeton.

This is clearly feasible. I am not entering too much into causation - magnetic field and solar activity both ultimately obey God - but the radiation dose would not have killed off humanity and mammals.

Hans Georg Lundahl
Paris
St. Ignatius of Loyola
31.VII.2017

samedi 29 juillet 2017

One Theory Solving Several Problems


In my young days as a Creationist, and even in my beginning as a Creationist internet writer, I was fine with saying things on the line of:

"Carbon 14 level is perhaps still rising, and the beyond Biblical dates are because the level has to now risen from the level at the real dates, onto which a higher original carbon level is projected, leading to a greater difference between original and inspected levels, leading to longer ages of radioactive decay. This is because the level is a kind of equilibrium between production of new and decay of the sample in the atmosphere."


Two things I have had to modify since studying the matter in mathematical depth, making tentative tables (more than one, not claiming one above the others as the entirely correct one, at least not yet), one is admitting the level is perhaps still rising, if it were we would not be seeing consistent half lives. If a lower level than the stable equilibrium is taken as being so (and the theory I reject says we are still rising to equilibrium, i e are still lower than it) the previous rise being taken as stable and checked against data which are checkable will result in too short a half life and also in a varied half life, not consistent between the centuries.

The level must therefore already have reached equilibrium.

The other thing, not stated but understood in above usual Creationist statement, is that the carbon rise has been due to a production of new carbon 14 not offset by decay only because not yet reaching the equilibrium, i e a production of new carbon due to same level of cosmic radiation, working at same speed.

Take the centuries between Abraham in Genesis 14 and Joseph in Egypt at end of Genesis, then the ones between Joseph and Joshua's taking Jericho.

Now, suppose that Joseph was Imhotep, contemporary with Djoser. This means somewhat shorter extra time than a thousand years (real time for Joseph, c. 1700 BC, dated time for Djoser c. 2600 BC). On the other hand, if Kenyon dated fall of Jericho to 1550 BC and it occurred in 1470 BC, there were only 80 extra years. With this in mind, the rise in carbon must have depended on a formation of new carbon about 6 times faster than now. Suppose the 1700 BC for Joseph corresponds to sth archaeologically far later than Djoser, then there is an even steeper rise in the time between Abraham (if contemporary to Chalcolithic of En-Geddi) and Joseph. Or suppose the dating of Jericho is about the wrong one, it is Garstang's city III which Joshua destroyed, then the rise must be far steeper after Jericho and up to when carbon dates become directly reliable.

So, I have to posit more cosmic radiation for certain parts of this time, especially between Flood and Abraham, and most especially steeper between Flood and Babel than between Babel and Abraham.

  • It will solve the issue at hand, with more cosmic radiation, carbon 14 formed faster.
  • It will provide a solution for how ice age froze so quickly, cosmic radiation freezes the wheather (Little Ice Age seems to have had more cosmic radiation, since calibrations show samples from say 1600 AD show more C14 than normally expected).
  • It will have shortened telomeres in the end portions of chromosomes, shortening the life span, and more so, the longer someone was himself exposed to the radiation before having offspring - this could be the primary mechanism by which God shortened life spans after Flood.
  • But now I found it it solves yet another problem, namely one dating method. Here:


"EPR/ESR also has been used by archaeologists for the dating of teeth. Radiation damage over long periods of time creates free radicals in tooth enamel, which can then be examined by EPR and, after proper calibration, dated. Alternatively, material extracted from the teeth of people during dental procedures can be used to quantify their cumulative exposure to ionizing radiation. People exposed to radiation from the Chernobyl disaster have been examined by this method."


The archaeologists are presuming, wrongly, that exposure to ionizing radiation has been roughly same level - i e mainly the normal background radiation, of which cosmic radiation is just a part.

Well, suppose at times the cosmic radiation was comparable to or greater than other factors of background radiation, this means that the teeth will look older than they really are.

I think this might also take care of higher ages in thermoluminiscence dating:

"Natural crystalline materials contain imperfections: impurity ions, stress dislocations, and other phenomena that disturb the regularity of the electric field that holds the atoms in the crystalline lattice together. These imperfections lead to local humps and dips in the crystalline material's electric potential. Where there is a dip (a so-called "electron trap"), a free electron may be attracted and trapped.

The flux of ionizing radiation—both from cosmic radiation and from natural radioactivity—excites electrons from atoms in the crystal lattice into the conduction band where they can move freely. Most excited electrons will soon recombine with lattice ions, but some will be trapped, storing part of the energy of the radiation in the form of trapped electric charge (Figure 1).

Depending on the depth of the traps (the energy required to free an electron from them) the storage time of trapped electrons will vary as some traps are sufficiently deep to store charge for hundreds of thousands of years."


I think a theory which solves that many problems merits serious consideration.

Hans Georg Lundahl
Torcy
St. Olaf, King and Martyr
29.VII.2017

PS, I came to think of this à propos the "dark ages" of recovery between Fall of Troy and new beginnings of Archaic Art in Greece, etc along East Mediterranean : there were about 3 centuries, about the time of recovery between Flood and Babel, between Babel and Abraham on my theories./HGL

vendredi 21 juillet 2017

When Are Implicit Citations Licit?


Short answer : when they are explicit.

CIRCA CITATIONES IMPLICITAS IN S. SCRIPTURA CONTENTAS
http://www.vatican.va/roman_curia/congregations/cfaith/pcb_documents/rc_con_cfaith_doc_19050213_cit-implicitas_lt.html


Fr. David Fleming, O.F.M. (Franciscan, Ordo Fratrum Minorum, Order of Friars Minor) penned a response by the Pontifical Biblical Commission on 13.II.1905, 112 years ago and some months.

Here is my personal translation from Latin of Q and response (not trying to make this an official translation of whole document):

Q (anon.)
Whether in order to untie the difficulties which occur in many texts of Sacred Scripture, which seem to relate historic facts, it is licit for a Catholic exegete to assert it is here question of a tacit or implied citation of a document written down by a non-inspired author, whose every assertion the inspired author does not at all intend to approve or make his own, which therefore cannot be held immune from error?

R (Fr Fleming)
In the negative, except the case in which, saving the sense and judgement of the Church, it be proven with solid arguments:

  • 1° That the Hagiographer (holy author) is really citing the words or documents of someone else;

  • and 2° That he is neither approving them, nor making them his own, so that he can be rightly considered as not speaking in his own name.


What does the phrase "saving the sense and judgement of the Church" mean? It means the proof or supposed such must not contradict the sense of the Church or the judgement of the Church. A judgement can come later, but cannot go against the sense of the Church. The sense of the Church is however already there, it is Tradition. If it is traditional that Moses was not citing some fun but unserious spoof on Canaanean mythology and adding tacitly "take it for what it is worth, it's a joke!" obviously even the Church cannot judge that Moses was doing that, since such a judgement would be going against the sense of the Church. Therefore there can be no solid argument actually proving this was the case to a Catholic exegete, since he must abide by sense and judgement of the Church.

What do "solid arguments" mean?

Some philosopher has "made proofs" by radiometric dating that the account given by Moses cannot stand together with sound reason? No, that is not a solid argument, like it is not a solid argument is some philosopher by Hegelian dialectic has proven God is not personal.

Or, there is a Canaanean text or a Sumerian text, which looks suspiciously like the account of Moses, but which he cannot have approved since it involves idolatry and polytheism? No, that is not a solid argument, like it is not a solid argument to dismiss a canonical Gospel just because it involves some suspicious similarity to a Gnostic one.

Or, we find exactly one Syriac manuscript with a verse inserted between Genesis 1:1 and Genesis 1:2 stating the following is an opinion? No, it is not a solid argument, that manuscript could be a fake.

So, the one solid argument one could be dealing with is when the "implicit" and "tacit" citation is not so.

Suppose a Catholic exegete has been singing a psalm from a corrupted manuscript, in which the words "the unwise hath said in his heart" are lacking, and been singing the words "there is no God", he would indeed be right to consider King David must have tacitly cited someone else he did not approve of. A very solid argument would be to go out into the wide world and find a lot of editions in which the words "The fool said in his heart:" are not lacking.

Hence my summary of the answer : they are licit to assume when they are explicit.

Hans Georg Lundahl
Nanterre UL
St. Praxedis, Virgin*
21.VII.2017

* I take it St Laurence of Brindisi was not today any earlier than under "John XXIII", so is really tomorrow, his heavenly birthday. He is however a saint, canonised by Pope Leo XIII.

jeudi 20 juillet 2017

If Carbon Calculator should shut down, how do we know the percentages vs the years (as portions and multiples of halflife)?


I did a calculation, considering things like 1/8 of a halflife should give a percentage of original quantity corresponding to 8th root of one half. Here is my rough calculation, below is the link I am so often using instead of calculating like this:



And here is the carbon calculator online too:

ppt.li/3m8 being short link for:

Carbon 14 Dating Calculator
https://www.math.upenn.edu/~deturck/m170/c14/carbdate.html

Theoretic Demography Limits


Why did I reduce 58.5 to 29.25 for 30 years, before cubing for 100 years?

Probably because I wanted increase per individual, but if so I should have multiplied with six instead of three.

Either way, if we don't look at typical demographics which are downtoned by marriages becoming economically impossible or people becoming too insignificnat to marry or so, but at physical theoretical limits, we could have had quite a lot of people between Flood and Babel even if it was around 101 after Flood.

In fact even traditional estimates like Josephus Philo Judaeus quoted by Petrus Comestor* saying before Noah died (350 after Flood) there were 24100 men, plus women and children, is far below this extreme actual physical limit./HGL



* My translation is this link, but above links to where quoted in apt portion.